Top ten measures to make the cost of feed mills

LIMA Fish Feed Machine,Chicken Feed Machine

Quality feed raw materials, scientific feed formulas and processing parameters standards, reasonable processing equipment and processes are three basic eleme that ensure cooperation with feed quality. The first two mainly participate in the purchase department, the Ministry of Technical, and the Ministry of Verification, and the feed mill mainly ensures reasonable processing and manufacturing of feed raw materials. The cost of raw materials accounted for 70% -85% of the feed cost, and with the integration of the global economy, the price of raw materials mainly depends on the relationship between supply and demand, there is a large uncertainty. With the emphasis and implementation of feed mills, the competition for the cost control capabilities of feed production and processing has gradually highlighted its importance. production and processing cost is the various production costs incurred by the feed factory to produce products or provide labor services, including direct material costs and manufacturing costs. Direct material costs include raw material expenditures (which can also be divided into raw material consumption and raw material loss), transportation costs, woven bags, labels, and seam lines. Manufacturing costs refer to the costs that the feed mills have taken to organize and manage production, including workshop staff salary, piecewriting workers, welfare fees, labor insurance, social security fees, depreciation fees, rental fees, environmental expenditures, power (electricity bills, Coal fees, dil), maintenance fees and other manufacturing costs (office expenses, travel expenses, reception, daily necessities, etc.). The dosing of the feed plant is mainly for the cost of scientific and reasonable cost of the feed processing process after eliminating the cost of feed feeder, to reduce the cost of processing process and create benefits for the company. 1, Electric Tets Fees are the largest part of the power costs of feed factories, but the crush is not only the necessary steps in feed processing. It is also one of the highest power consumption. The power consumption of the pulverizer accou for about 40% of the total power consumption of the feed mill. The high and low pulverization efficiency directly affects the cost of power consumption. Crushing efficiency and the raw material species, pulverized particle size, and comminution of the company, the adjustment of the hammer sieve clearance (for example using 2.0 mm screen, the hammer sieve interval is 10-13mm; the hammer sieve gap is adjusted according to the screen aperture) , The hammer wear, the crusher is full of load, and the sack dragon and the pulse dust removal effect have a great relationship. Plasmir power consumption is about 30% of the total power consumption of the feed mill, and the granulator operation has three key operating parameters: steam supply, feed speed, ring mold and pressure roller gap. Steam supply and feed speed Th two operating parameters mainly depend on the moisture content and formulation of the grain material. If the two parameters are not adjusted, it is easy to block the blocking phenomenon, thereby reducing the granulator production capacity, and increases the grit unit. The ring mold and the pressure roller gap are small, which can cause the pressure roller ring mode to be easily worn; if the gap is too large, the material between the pressure roller and the ring mold will not be uneven, resulting in being squeezed without Clipping phenomenon. Further, the larger the compression ratio of the ring mold, the higher the particle hardness, the lower the yield, the higher the electricity fee; the lower the opening rate of the ring mold, the more prone to plugging, the pressure rollerThe larger the degree of wear, the lower the yield, the greater the wear of the ring mold. Reduces Feed Factory Power Consumption We have: 1, Production Process Preparation, Complete Connection Arrangement, Reduce Production Preparation Time and The air transfer of the equipment avoids the waste of manpower, electricity, fuel, and time cost. 2. Use the ladder electricity price to produce production, reduce the cost of production. The electricity price during the peak of electricity is generally 3 ti more than the electricity. Because the evening electricity bill is in the valley, we must arrange the production of pellets in the evenings, and reduce the posture of the duty granules. 3. Try to minimize the variety of turns and number of ti (if necessary, add the stock inventory, reduce the number of turns). 4, in production, central control, granulation workers due to issues such as equipment plugging, controlling the current of the pulverizer and the granulator at 60% -70%, even lower, so that most of the feed mill is smashed The equipment, granulator and other equipment have an underload and idling phenomenon, no equipment such as pulverizer, granulator, etc. WARNING, if necessary, give appropriate assessment and award penalty; 5, reduce equipment failure shutdown and repair time. 6. Equipment and process with different performance, the power consumption is huge. For example, when fine pulverization of soybean meal, the use of a powerful wide multi-chamber pulverizer is more than 1/3 of the power consumption of the ordinary water droplet pulverizer. It can be seen from the above analysis that electric waste is widely existent in some feed mills (especially those who have managed poor feed mills), and there is a great potential to reduce the power consumption of the production process. 2, Coal Fee Feed Factory Use natural gas or oil as a boiler fuel, fuel gas boiler steam cost than coal-fired boilers It is more than 3 ti higher than. When using coal-fired boilers, the feed mill can pursue a coal models according to steam, rather than settle coal by weight. Because it is difficult to ensure the quality of the coal by weight, it is easy to a t. When the feed plant is in the implementation of the steam settlement coal, pay attention to the amount of steam per month, because the data of the steam flowmeter is adjustable, the feed plant needs to prevent the boilerman and the non-legal transport of illegal benefits, from In theory, steam usage should be less than 5% of total granulation. Factory also requires regular inspection of whether steam pipes have been disclosed, whether the softening separator is working properly, whether the burner is maximized. Especially need to pay attention to the quality of the coal, the coal quality difference causes the steam pressure before the decompression of less than 0.6-0.8 MPa, which is difficult to provide dry saturated steam for use, thereby affecting granulation efficiency and particle quality, while also leading to feed Water is low, and the loss of raw materials is increased. Regularly check the insulation of the steam pipeline, minimize heat loss, reduce coal consumption. The feed factory must arrange production reasonably to avoid the production and connection. For example steamWhen using the pressure, it is not ready to use the vapor device; or the void equipment is ready, the steam does not meet the requireme, resulting in a reduction in the waste of steam and production efficiency. It is best to continuous production in the production arrangement of the particles, avoiding waste of exhaust gas and cooling-cooling aggregate each time the particulate machine is turned on. 3, Rational Control Accessories Stock Factory Directly Used to Produce Different Equipment Rounded, Press Roller, Hammer, Sieve, hopper, belt, bearings, motor, sewing machine fittings, gears, sprockets, etc. The factory general should analyze the expenditure of monthly maintenance fee, strengthen the whole process management of repair parts procurement, focus on: 1. Develop the rational inventory of accessories, reduce the backlog of funds. 2. Establish accessories and consumption records. 3. Determine the standard range of normal consumption. 4, regular assessment and assessment of the quality of the accessories provided by the supplier. For example, the same compression ratio, the same caliber stainless steel ring mode is much higher than the alloy steel ring mold, but the quality assurance of stainless steel ring molds, the life and wear resistance of the ring mode is unmatched by alloy steel ring molds. The cost is lower than the alloy steel ring mold. Even if it is a stainless steel ring mold, the quality between the various manufacturers is also uneven. According to 420 machine stainless steel compression film 6500 yuan / piece, if each ring mode can produce a 10,000 ton, the compression film cost is 0.41 yuan / t; if each of the compact films can only produce 0.8 million tons, the compression film cost is 0.81 yuan. In addition, pay attention to the frequently changing film will have a serious impact on the compression membrane usage and yield. 4, rational Control For Maintenance Fees Causes Reasons for Maintenance Fees: First, the Restability Maintenance of Equipment and Tools If you don’t move, you will buy new; second, the maintenance level is low, causing high costs of repeated maintenance, especially the number of medium-scale repairs; the third is the loss of repair parts, including the poor purchase quality, taking the time, lost, Pirates, damage, etc .; fourth is the lack of monitoring of various feed mill parts, leading to high procurement costs; five is high cost of maintenance auxiliary materials (steel, electrodes, oxygen, acetylene, grinding wheel, cutting saw blade, etc.); Sixth is the prevention of equipment It is not repaired, causing high maintenance costs after the equipment is completely embarrassed. The fault of the device should be mainly defense to repair. By sound daily maintenance, the fault rate can be greatly reduced to ensure normal production. Serving Livestock 5, Accelerates Process Equipment Update Serving Animal Husband With the development of feed industries, in recent years, my country’s feed processing equipment upgrade progress Accelerated, the degree of specialization of feed processing equipment is continuously improved, and the feed equipment manufacturing enterprise has introduced energy-saving and efficient professional new processing equipment to the feed factory. It has increased production efficiency, reducing production costs, and realizing the stability of product processing quality, increase product additional Value has a significant role. Feed mill should actively use equipment capable of energy saving, operating costs, especially for production lines and equipment that have been operated for many years, high energy consumption, low production efficiency, poor safety performance, and reduce technology transformation The overall cost of the production process. service livestock equipment is replaced, try to consider comprehensive implementation of automation operations. For example, a labor line of 5T, automatic ingredie and artificial finished product stacks, and a production line of automatic ingredie and mechanized stacks, the number of production workers required, but Production phase varies. Under the premise of producing the same amount of feed, the latter’s labor cost is much lower than the former. The reason for the cost of artificial cost is limited, the production line is automated, the degree of mechanization is low, and more artificial is used, and the labor intensity of workers is high, the cost of loading and unloading is high, and the per capita production efficiency is low. Therefore, from the start of the feedstock to the whole process of the finished product, the automation operation is fully implemented, and the artificial operation range can be saved as much as possible, but can save labor costs, but also save time, space, safety and other production costs. More importantly, as long as the equipment is normal, production and quality are stable, and manual operation, the ability to work, the enthusiasm of work, and the quality of production are unstable. In the case of conditions permit, you can explore and promote the cost of automatic bulk feed and bulk finished product transport mode, saving the cost of manual costs and packaging materials. Serving Animal Husband 6, Feed Factory Raw Material Loss the cost of feed raw materials for the plant accou for about 70-85% of production costs, can it be Raw material loss is controlled in a reasonable level, which is an important symbol of the management level of a feed plant. The feed factory needs to strictly perform the excessive system and inventory system of raw materials and finished materials, thereby timely finding and analyzing the reason for abnormal loss per month (or half a month). Causes of material loss during feed processing include: dust loss (unloading, pulverizing dust removal, cooling and dust removal, equipment and delivery pipe seal do not strictly lead to aerial drop); moisture loss (unloading, warehousing, crushing, cooling); Error loss (ingredie, ingredie, packaging scales, etc.); metamorphism and other losses (raw materials or finished material deterioration, high purification impurity content, small scale is not cleaned up, built, rock, mouse, stolen, etc.). Factory needs to be highly attached to the loss of dust. For example, some feed mill corn unloaders and soybean unloaders are sealing, which can be transformed into three sides and ceiling seals, leaving only one side to enter and exit vehicles, so that the air volume of convection is greatly reduced, let soybean meal and corn The dust is naturally settled, and the dust loss that is blown away by the wind. It is recommended that there is a conditional feed plant to choose the automatic hydraulic discharge platform to minimize dust loss of the bulk raw material discharge process. for many feed pla, water loss during feed processing has about 50% of the raw material loss. Feed Factory should pay close attention to the water content in the finished product. The normal water content is an important indicator. Excessive moisture content can lead to easy feed mills, and there is too low water conference to increase the loss of feed mills. Or too low is not conducive to the properness of the product. Generally, the temperature of the finished material is not higher than the ambient temperature, and the moisture is less than 13%. Water loss occurs mainly in the warehousing, crushing and cooling links. In the warehousing, the feed mill should minimize the inventory of the raw material in the summer tube, so as not to evaporate the moisture in high temperatures. In the pulverization link, excessive pulverization should be avoided, reduce the temperature of the pulverized chamber, control the wind compression and suction amount of the pulse fan, and improve the pulverization efficiency to control the pulverized water loss. For example, after a feed plant replaces the pulverizer, the pulverization efficiency has increased by 25%. According to the normal pulverization process, the water loss is 0.5%, after replacing the pulverizer, the yield increased by 25%, conservative estimates, and the moisture loss of the pulverization process was reduced by 0.13%. According to the feed mill, it produces 10,000 tons of finished material computing (the raw material required for crushing is calculated by 80%), and the loss can be reduced: 10,000 tons * 0.13% * 80% u003d 10.4 tons, according to the finished product 3000 yuan per ton, It can reduce loss of 31,200 yuan. In the cooling link, the ventilation amount, time, speed, and pinner of the cooling tower should be adjusted according to different seasons. The wind speed control in the general cooling duct is controlled at 15-20 m / s. In addition, by adjusting the method of adjusting the cooling tower spacer height, it controls the purity of the finished material, which requires often focusing the moisture results of the finished product material for timely adjustment. In addition, an effective means to reduce the loss of raw material is to monitor the production of the whole process of production, especially for the feed pulverization, mixing, and quasiosity, the moisture of the finished material is monitored, in the premise of ensuring safety, in the mixer Or the modulation cartridge is applied to the addition, reducing the water distribution loss of raw materials. 7, Comprehensive Consideration Raw Material Cost and Its Processing Costs Considering and Balance Raw Material Cost and Feed Factory Production Cost Relationship, this may be an important indicator of the high and low evaluation of formula technology. For example, the glucose is highly viscous raw material, but its processing performance is poor, because of its large sugar content, it is easy to bond, but also affects the efficiency of mixing, not only for a long time, and the conveying device will be bonded. Being loaded, resulting in a problem of slowing down, low production efficiency, etc. In severe cases, the lifting machine belt is broken. For another example, add a variety of liquid compone in the same formulation, which will cause the mixed time to extend, the batch batch is reduced, and the production cost is increased; the complex formulation is more complex, which will extend the ingredient cycle, that is, the productivity is, the product cost is also high. Therefore, the feed factory should promptly and the formulant to communicate the processing performance and processing cost of different raw materials, and the formulator is considering the cost of raw material, but also considers the production of raw materials.Processability. 8, Strengthening Feed Factory Employees and Cadres the Quality of Employees in Animal Husbandry Factory determine the cost and quality of the feed mill. To this end, on the one hand, we should strengthen the training of key technical posts, encourage employees to conduct vocational skills appraisal, encourage employees to participate in various training and learning, and need to strengthen safety awareness management, reduce safety accide. Key positions such as central control, mechanism, electrician, granulator, boiler, etc. The high and low levels of work levels directly affect equipment effectiveness and feed processing costs, and can be tilted to th key technologies in terms of salary. On the other hand, the employee should strengthen the cultivation of enterprise loyalty, do the career planning of employees, stimulate the enthusiasm, initiative and creativity of employees, and formulate process incentives for reasonable assessment of employee production costs. service livestock Not only require the feed factory factory to have strong management capabilities, but also require the feed factory factory to have a comprehensive expertise, in order to do the on-site management, equipment management, quality management of the feed production process, so that the reasonable scheduling of the production process is achieved. And effectively grasp, so that the cost of the production process can be controlled. To this end, the feed mill manufacturer needs to cultivate and create a career production manager. Service Animal Husband 9, Science Management Serving Animal Husband is a common problem of most feed mills. In the warehouse, the raw material stack is not neat, and the different raw materials are mixed with each other, the stock raw materials are not marked, the raw materials are scattered, and the racing is serious, and the mouse is â±. There are many garbage in the workshop, the raw materials are stacked everywhere, the packaging and label throw, the recycling material is everywhere and there is no marking. Ground, equipment, doors and windows and roofs are all dust and spider webs. To this end, the feed plant should pay attention to the scientific refinement management of the daily work in the production site. Only by scientific on-site management means, master the real situation of the scene, it may be targeted to refine the feed mill to reduce costs. The on-site management system of the feed mill includes: quality control system, energy conservation control system, environmental control system, equipment management system, logistics control system, process control system, production operation standardization system, etc. The common methods for the on-site management of feed mills are: 6S management, Lean Production, quality cost management (QCM), full-service management (TPM), ISO14000, ISO18000, etc., can cross-use during production management Th management methods continue to implement the standardization, standardization and institutionalization of production process management. For each cost control point, take out specific embodime, and passed PDCA (planning, implementation, inspection, improvement) and SCDA (standardization, implementation, examination, improvement) circulating operation, reaching step-by-step improvement, continuously reducing the cost of processing processes. 10, Control Safety Cost Factory If there is no sense of safety management, there is a safety hazard in production site, which will lead to many safety accide. High security cost. Therefore, the feed plant must do a good job in fire safety, fire prevention, anti-dust explosion, anti-equipment damage, and prevent prevention of personal safety issues. the cost control of the processing process is a systematic project, requires all members to participate in control, alone or the team is not It may be done, a complete cost control system must be established. This system should include cost-controlled organizational institutions, cost control management system, cost control assessment indicators (such as material loss, power consumption, maintenance costs, etc.), and cost control, scientific cost assessment incentives. During the operation of the cost control system, the cost control activity is often carried out, and the intensity of energy saving consumption is often improved by reasonably selecting energy-saving methods; the amplitude of the scrap loss is improved through preventive equipment maintenance and intensive; The overall planning arrangement of the production process, improves production efficiency; through the integration of process, cost, quality and nutrition, seeking scientific economic processing technology, making the cost of the production process in a controlled state. The care of cost control activities is data statistics and assessme. The purpose of control is to improve production efficiency, reduce the production cost of unit feed, guarantee and improve product quality. Through the assessment analysis, it is proposed to reduce the measures for each cost control point of the processing process, and then perform, check, evaluate, and continue to improve.

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